Tag Archives: Philippines

A billion children face extreme climate risk − UN

The climate crisis and pollution from other sources are putting a billion children in jeopardy, the United Nations says.

LONDON, 31 August, 2021 − Nearly half of the world’s 2.2 billion children face an “extremely high risk” due to the climate crisis and other forms of pollution, according to a report by the UN Children’s Fund, Unicef, released earlier this month to mark the third anniversary of the start of Greta Thunberg’s school strike movement, Fridays for Future.

The report is the first to paint a “complete picture of where and how children are vulnerable to climate change,” said Unicef’s executive director Henrietta Fore, “and that picture is almost unimaginably dire. Virtually no child’s life will be unaffected.

“Nearly every child around the world was at risk from at least one of these impacts today, including heat waves, floods, cyclones, disease, drought, and air pollution. But one billion children live in 33 countries facing three or four impacts simultaneously, including India, Nigeria, the Philippines, and much of sub-Saharan Africa.”

Those impacts are “deeply inequitable”, Unicef added, and they’re likely to become more so. “The top 10 countries that are at extremely high risk are only responsible for 0.5% of global emissions.”

“Young people are the world’s most precious natural resource”

At present, The Guardian says, 920 million children are “highly exposed” to water scarcity, 820 million to heat waves, and 600 million to diseases like malaria and dengue that are made worse by climate change.

“Children are uniquely vulnerable to climate hazards,” Fore added. “Compared to adults, children require more food and water per unit of body weight and are less able to survive extreme weather events.”

But at the same time, “there is still time to act,” she stressed. “Improving children’s access to essential services can significantly increase their ability to survive these climate hazards.”

So the agency is urging governments and businesses to “listen to children and prioritise actions that protect them from impacts, while accelerating work to dramatically reduce greenhouse gas emissions.”

Make COP26 inclusive

At this year’s United Nations climate conference, COP26, in the Scottish city of Glasgow, Unicef is urging governments to include children in all negotiations and decisions. “The decisions will define their future,” Fore said.

“Children and young people need to be recognised as the rightful heirs of this planet that we all share.”

Thunberg added that youth are already at the centre of climate advocacy. “We are not just victims, we are also leading the fight,” she said, but decision-makers are “still not treating the climate crisis like an emergency.

“We are still just talking and greenwashing things instead of taking real action. But, on the other hand, there have been many millions of people mobilised, especially young people, and that is a very important step in the right direction.”

Fear of drowning

“Climate change is very personal to me,” said Zimbabwe climate activist Nkosilathi Nyathi, who explained that heat waves and floods had interrupted his schooling and left farmers in his village struggling with unpredictable weather.

“I’m passionate about the inclusion of young people in decision-making platforms,” as “young people are the world’s most precious natural resource.”

“One of the reasons I’m a climate activist is because I was born into climate change like so many of us have been,” said Philippines climate campaigner Mitzi Jonelle Tan. “I have such vivid memories of doing my homework by candlelight as typhoons raged outside, wiping out the electricity, and growing up being afraid of drowning in my own bedroom because I would wake up to a flooded room.”

COP26 “has to be the one that changes something,” she added, “because we’ve gone for so long having these conferences only coming up with empty promises and vague plans.” − Climate News Network

* * * * * * *

This report first appeared on the site of our Canadian partners The Energy Mix on 23 August and is republished here by courtesy of them.

The climate crisis and pollution from other sources are putting a billion children in jeopardy, the United Nations says.

LONDON, 31 August, 2021 − Nearly half of the world’s 2.2 billion children face an “extremely high risk” due to the climate crisis and other forms of pollution, according to a report by the UN Children’s Fund, Unicef, released earlier this month to mark the third anniversary of the start of Greta Thunberg’s school strike movement, Fridays for Future.

The report is the first to paint a “complete picture of where and how children are vulnerable to climate change,” said Unicef’s executive director Henrietta Fore, “and that picture is almost unimaginably dire. Virtually no child’s life will be unaffected.

“Nearly every child around the world was at risk from at least one of these impacts today, including heat waves, floods, cyclones, disease, drought, and air pollution. But one billion children live in 33 countries facing three or four impacts simultaneously, including India, Nigeria, the Philippines, and much of sub-Saharan Africa.”

Those impacts are “deeply inequitable”, Unicef added, and they’re likely to become more so. “The top 10 countries that are at extremely high risk are only responsible for 0.5% of global emissions.”

“Young people are the world’s most precious natural resource”

At present, The Guardian says, 920 million children are “highly exposed” to water scarcity, 820 million to heat waves, and 600 million to diseases like malaria and dengue that are made worse by climate change.

“Children are uniquely vulnerable to climate hazards,” Fore added. “Compared to adults, children require more food and water per unit of body weight and are less able to survive extreme weather events.”

But at the same time, “there is still time to act,” she stressed. “Improving children’s access to essential services can significantly increase their ability to survive these climate hazards.”

So the agency is urging governments and businesses to “listen to children and prioritise actions that protect them from impacts, while accelerating work to dramatically reduce greenhouse gas emissions.”

Make COP26 inclusive

At this year’s United Nations climate conference, COP26, in the Scottish city of Glasgow, Unicef is urging governments to include children in all negotiations and decisions. “The decisions will define their future,” Fore said.

“Children and young people need to be recognised as the rightful heirs of this planet that we all share.”

Thunberg added that youth are already at the centre of climate advocacy. “We are not just victims, we are also leading the fight,” she said, but decision-makers are “still not treating the climate crisis like an emergency.

“We are still just talking and greenwashing things instead of taking real action. But, on the other hand, there have been many millions of people mobilised, especially young people, and that is a very important step in the right direction.”

Fear of drowning

“Climate change is very personal to me,” said Zimbabwe climate activist Nkosilathi Nyathi, who explained that heat waves and floods had interrupted his schooling and left farmers in his village struggling with unpredictable weather.

“I’m passionate about the inclusion of young people in decision-making platforms,” as “young people are the world’s most precious natural resource.”

“One of the reasons I’m a climate activist is because I was born into climate change like so many of us have been,” said Philippines climate campaigner Mitzi Jonelle Tan. “I have such vivid memories of doing my homework by candlelight as typhoons raged outside, wiping out the electricity, and growing up being afraid of drowning in my own bedroom because I would wake up to a flooded room.”

COP26 “has to be the one that changes something,” she added, “because we’ve gone for so long having these conferences only coming up with empty promises and vague plans.” − Climate News Network

* * * * * * *

This report first appeared on the site of our Canadian partners The Energy Mix on 23 August and is republished here by courtesy of them.

Philippines' green enforcers check the mangroves

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

Restoring mangrove swamps is a valuable way of protecting coasts against storm damage. But it needs more than good intentions, as experience in the Philippines shows.

CATANDUANES, 7 June – Congresswoman Susan Yap, chair of the Philippines’ House of Representatives Reforestation Committee, is visiting Catanduanes, “the land of the howling winds”.  The island is the most easterly in a country of over 7,000 islands, the landfall for storms sweeping in from the Pacific, and therefore highly vulnerable.

“The Philippines is one of the most disaster-prone countries in the world”, says Yap. “We have several typhoons every year, but in the last five years we’ve seen an increase of about 30%. We are having 25 to 28 typhoons a year. Even their strength is much more, with winds of over 300 km per hour.”

Widespread deforestation has not helped. Over the 20th century national forest cover fell from 70% to 20%. It is currently declining at 2% annually. Without it topsoil is lost and flash floods increase in intensity.

The government’s response is its biggest environmental project, the National Greening Program. But there are concerns over its effectiveness, and Yap intends to find out more. “As a legislator it is my duty to make sure that government projects are implemented well”, she says.

Our TVE crew followed the committee from the House of Representatives to the mangroves of Catanduanes, crucial to protection against the typhoons. Mangroves are important not only to fisheries but to coasts and can reduce the impact of wave height by half over 100 m.

Think first

But at one of the Greening Program’s sites newly planted propogules (long single stems which the mangrove drops in order to reproduce) have been infested by barnacles. Considerable manpower has been used to clean the stems repeatedly but, as the committee points out, it would have been better spent planting in areas free from barnacles to begin with.

“Visiting the people in these places I have learnt that there is lack of funding for these projects and their implementation remains a challenge, so getting on the ground keeps our government people on their toes and makes them realise that hey, we are serious about this work”, Yap says.

Taking us round the mangrove sites, Captain Ivanhoe Arcilla, a former fighter pilot turned local disaster risk reduction and prevention officer, sums up his frustration: “Out of the 1bn pesos [US$23m] allocated for mangrove reforestation after typhoon Yolanda (Haiyan), some should have been allocated for research about mangroves.”

The centrepiece of the committee’s visit to Catanduanes was the public consultation meeting, a novelty in a country where people are unused to being consulted. It was an eye-opener, helping local congressman and fellow committee member Cesar Sarmiento draft legislation for later in the year.

Public voice

“The public consultation was the first in Catanduanes and some citizens shared their experiences”, he told us. “This is the information that’s needed by the committee, to fine tune and come up with legislation that can be effectively implemented.”

“This is the best thing, I mean this public hearing about mangroves and reforestation and all that, it’s the best thing that’s happened here in Catanduanes”, said Capt. Arcilla.

Legislators from 100 countries are meeting in Mexico for Globe International’s second World Summit of Legislators. Their immediate aim is to encourage countries to enact legislation to cut greenhouse gas emissions in the run-up to the comprehensive climate agreement which UN talks in Paris late in 2015 are intended to produce.

Yap says Catanduanes’ “bottom up” approach and the sharing of information chime with her membership of Globe: “I believe that Globe can assist a country like the Philippines in communicating within the international community to set up the framework for local legislators. Together we can find solutions and partnerships for having a low carbon green economy in the Philippines.”

And above all, when agreements are in place, oversight can ensure their effective operation: “Globe believes that legislators are accountable for the policies we’ve passed. Oversight and holding our executive and governments accountable for the work we’re doing is crucial.” – Climate News Network

TVE’s film, Green Law Makers, can be downloaded free until the end of July 2014. TVE asks you please, if you make public use of the film, to let them know: Nick.Rance@tve.org.uk

Vimeo

High quality broadcast

Ken Pugh is a British journalist and film-maker.

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

Restoring mangrove swamps is a valuable way of protecting coasts against storm damage. But it needs more than good intentions, as experience in the Philippines shows.

CATANDUANES, 7 June – Congresswoman Susan Yap, chair of the Philippines’ House of Representatives Reforestation Committee, is visiting Catanduanes, “the land of the howling winds”.  The island is the most easterly in a country of over 7,000 islands, the landfall for storms sweeping in from the Pacific, and therefore highly vulnerable.

“The Philippines is one of the most disaster-prone countries in the world”, says Yap. “We have several typhoons every year, but in the last five years we’ve seen an increase of about 30%. We are having 25 to 28 typhoons a year. Even their strength is much more, with winds of over 300 km per hour.”

Widespread deforestation has not helped. Over the 20th century national forest cover fell from 70% to 20%. It is currently declining at 2% annually. Without it topsoil is lost and flash floods increase in intensity.

The government’s response is its biggest environmental project, the National Greening Program. But there are concerns over its effectiveness, and Yap intends to find out more. “As a legislator it is my duty to make sure that government projects are implemented well”, she says.

Our TVE crew followed the committee from the House of Representatives to the mangroves of Catanduanes, crucial to protection against the typhoons. Mangroves are important not only to fisheries but to coasts and can reduce the impact of wave height by half over 100 m.

Think first

But at one of the Greening Program’s sites newly planted propogules (long single stems which the mangrove drops in order to reproduce) have been infested by barnacles. Considerable manpower has been used to clean the stems repeatedly but, as the committee points out, it would have been better spent planting in areas free from barnacles to begin with.

“Visiting the people in these places I have learnt that there is lack of funding for these projects and their implementation remains a challenge, so getting on the ground keeps our government people on their toes and makes them realise that hey, we are serious about this work”, Yap says.

Taking us round the mangrove sites, Captain Ivanhoe Arcilla, a former fighter pilot turned local disaster risk reduction and prevention officer, sums up his frustration: “Out of the 1bn pesos [US$23m] allocated for mangrove reforestation after typhoon Yolanda (Haiyan), some should have been allocated for research about mangroves.”

The centrepiece of the committee’s visit to Catanduanes was the public consultation meeting, a novelty in a country where people are unused to being consulted. It was an eye-opener, helping local congressman and fellow committee member Cesar Sarmiento draft legislation for later in the year.

Public voice

“The public consultation was the first in Catanduanes and some citizens shared their experiences”, he told us. “This is the information that’s needed by the committee, to fine tune and come up with legislation that can be effectively implemented.”

“This is the best thing, I mean this public hearing about mangroves and reforestation and all that, it’s the best thing that’s happened here in Catanduanes”, said Capt. Arcilla.

Legislators from 100 countries are meeting in Mexico for Globe International’s second World Summit of Legislators. Their immediate aim is to encourage countries to enact legislation to cut greenhouse gas emissions in the run-up to the comprehensive climate agreement which UN talks in Paris late in 2015 are intended to produce.

Yap says Catanduanes’ “bottom up” approach and the sharing of information chime with her membership of Globe: “I believe that Globe can assist a country like the Philippines in communicating within the international community to set up the framework for local legislators. Together we can find solutions and partnerships for having a low carbon green economy in the Philippines.”

And above all, when agreements are in place, oversight can ensure their effective operation: “Globe believes that legislators are accountable for the policies we’ve passed. Oversight and holding our executive and governments accountable for the work we’re doing is crucial.” – Climate News Network

TVE’s film, Green Law Makers, can be downloaded free until the end of July 2014. TVE asks you please, if you make public use of the film, to let them know: Nick.Rance@tve.org.uk

Vimeo

High quality broadcast

Ken Pugh is a British journalist and film-maker.